Computed tomography (CT) scan of the temporal bones is used to determine skull diseases and other pathologies, as well as structural features of the cranium. Also receives information about the condition of the inner ear. During the examination, x-ray radiation is sent to the head, and images with a transverse section of the head area are displayed on the screen.

Study Indications

The procedure is prescribed by ENT doctors or maxillofacial surgeons in the following cases:
  1. 1. Suspicion of a tumor and neoplasm.
  2. 2. With otitis media and inflammatory processes.
  3. 3. In case of injury, crack and fracture.
  4. 4. With hemorrhage in the tissue.
  5. 5. With bone changes.
  6. 6. With otosclerosis, mastoiditis.
  7. 7. With pathological discharge of the outer ear.
  8. 8. In the presence of fungal inflammation.
  9. 9. If you suspect an inflammatory process in the middle or inner ear.
Computed tomography has contraindications, the violation of which can lead to a deterioration in well-being. Restrictions apply to pregnant and lactating mothers. If CT should be done during lactation, it is recommended that the child be transferred to the mixture for some time. Also, computed tomography is contraindicated in patients with: renal or heart failure; tendency to allergic reactions; heart failure; intolerance to iodine; weighing more than 120 kg.

Procedure

Before CT scan with contrast, preparation is required. The patient should not eat 5-6 hours before the start of tomography, and 1-2 hours is better not to drink. It is also advisable to refrain from bad habits. If the procedure is performed without contrast, preparation is not required. A CT scan lasts from 5 to 30 minutes, depending on whether the contrast medium is used. The patient lies on the table on his back and remains alone in the room. A ring rotates above the head, the couch moves progressively into the tomograph. You need to lie still so that the resulting images are clear. Communication with the doctor occurs on a two-way basis, sometimes he may ask the patient to turn around. The price of CT of the temporal bones in Kiev is 1000 UAH, with a bolus – 2400 UAH.

Using contrast

The bones are visible clearly and without the use of a contrast agent. But for a better diagnosis of soft tissues, it can be administered 15 minutes before the start of the procedure intravenously, or immediately after the first images. The examination does not cause discomfort, but sometimes itching and nausea are possible. This must be reported to doctors through the speakers. The radiation dose is so small that it is not harmful to health. But it is recommended to do a CT scan at intervals of at least 3 weeks.

Obtaining a survey opinion

The radiologist will carefully study and describe the results of the study. The patient is given digital copies of the pictures with a description and a diagnostic report signed by the doctor and stamped. CT of the temporal bones is the best method of examination, based on which you can make a more accurate diagnosis and develop an effective treatment regimen.