CT scan of the chest
CT of the organs of the chest cavity is an X-ray slice examination, which allows layer-by-layer viewing of organs, tissues, structures. The result is three-dimensional images of organs from all angles, making it possible to accurately diagnose cardiac, pulmonary, bronchial, vascular abnormalities, pathologies and diseases. In addition, the images show costal and vertebral cracks and fractures, as well as the presence of foreign bodies and objects in the study area.
Time: from 5 minutes to 0.5 hours (with contrasting) Preliminary preparation: not necessary Contraindications: no Restrictions: allergic reaction to contrast, young children, pregnancy, weight more than 150 kg Preparation of the report: 30-50 minutes. Price of CT of the chest: UAH 1,000 without contrast, UAH 2,400 with contrast.
The purpose of CT diagnostics of the chest cavity
- 1. To identify seals, deviations from the norm, hidden and complex in the diagnosis of pathology in the organs of the chest.
- 2. Detect and localize tumors of any size.
- 3. Identify foci of tuberculosis.
- 4. Identify costal and vertebral cracks, fractures.
- 5. Assess the condition of lymph nodes, blood vessels.
- 6. Identify violations in the functioning of the bronchi, lungs, trachea, aorta, heart.
- 7. Diagnose the mammary glands for the presence of diseases.
- 8. Confirm or clarify the preliminary diagnosis.
- 9. Track the processes occurring in the chest area during therapies and after surgery.
Indications for CT scan of the chest
- • Incomprehensible aching pain in the chest area;
- • Severe breathing, constant shortness of breath.
- • Choking cough.
- • Numbness in the shoulder.
- • Identified anomalies in the structure of the bronchi, lungs, trachea, heart.
- • Injuries to the sternum.
- • Suspicion of tuberculosis, pleurisy, pneumonia, cysts, hernias, oncology.
- • Preoperative examination.
- • Disturbances in the work of the heart muscle.
- • Lymph nodes enlarged for unknown reasons.
- • Diseases and injuries of the esophagus.
How is the CT scan of the chest
The patient is placed on the mobile table of the tomograph on his back. It is important to be in a state of complete immobility. Only the patient is in the office. Communication with the doctor occurs on the intercom. The table begins to move, the apparatus starts: the frame with the X-ray and sensors moves in a circle, scanning the patient’s chest area from all angles. The doctor may ask the patient to turn to his side. Pictures are sent to a computer, a layered, three-dimensional image of organs and bones of the chest is displayed on the monitor. There is no discomfort.
The introduction of a contrast medium (bolus)
A bolus (iodine-containing substance) is prescribed to improve the visibility of the processes occurring in the studied area of the body. Indications for bolus administration:
- • it is better to consider neoplasms, their boundaries, localization, structure;
- • study in more detail the work of the lungs, heart, blood vessels, consider soft tissues, their possible pathology;
- • locate cracks and fractures of ribs and vertebrae.
Contrast is administered intravenously by an anesthetist. The substance is completely excreted in a day. The use of a contrast agent in a CT scan requires prior preparation of the patient: not eating food for 6 hours before the session. Possible reactions to a bolus: mild nausea, fever.
Contraindications for the introduction of contrast
The introduction of a bolus is contraindicated in people:
- • with an allergic reaction to iodine-containing substances and products;
- • asthmatics during an exacerbation;
- • women “in position” and nursing mothers.
What are the risks of having a CT scan?
The procedure of CT examination does not pose any threat to the health of the patient. Our office is equipped with the most advanced equipment providing a minimum dose of radiation. A person in two years of life receives the same dose of radiation. A woman in a position should inform her doctor about her pregnancy, who will take special precautions.
How to prepare for a chest CT scan
The patient should dress comfortably, remove all metal jewelry and accessories (chains, glasses, etc.). Contrast tomography involves the patient’s head for 6 hours.
After the session, the radiologist studies, analyzes, evaluates and describes the condition of the internal systems, tissues and organs of the chest. The patient is given: digital copies of the pictures, their description by a radiologist with a signature and seal. Our CT-cabinet has a program for automatic image quality control. An informative, safer than radiography CT scan of the chest allows you to correctly diagnose and select the optimal treatment program.